Periodontal diseases are infections of the gums, which gradually destroy the support of your natural teeth. Adults over 35 lose more teeth to gum diseases, (periodontal disease) than from cavities. There are numerous disease entities requiring different treatment approaches. Bacterial plaque, which is a colorless film that sticks to your teeth at the gumline, is the primary cause of gum disease in genetically susceptible individuals. Daily brushing and flossing will prevent most periodontal conditions. If not carefully removed by brushing and flossing, plaque hardens into a rough, porous substance known as calculus (or tartar).
For more information about periodontal disease or to schedule a consultation appointment, please call our office at 626-307-7196
Other important factors affecting the health of your gums include:
- Clenching and grinding teeth
- Poor nutrition
Bacteria found in plaque produces toxins or poisons that irritate the gums, which may cause them to turn red, swell and bleed easily. If this irritation is prolonged, the gums separate from the teeth, causing pockets (spaces) to form. As periodontal diseases progress, the supporting gum tissue and bone that holds teeth in place deteriorate. If left untreated, this leads to tooth loss.
Preventing Gum Disease
The best way to prevent gum disease is effective daily brushing and flossing as well as regular professional examinations and cleanings. Unfortunately, even with the most diligent home dental care, people still can develop some form of periodontal disease. Once this disease starts, professional intervention, either at our office or by a periodontist, is necessary to prevent its progress.